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Elementary Science

Elementary Science

Curriculum


Select a grade level from the tabs above to view elementary science curriculum.

Nature of Science

  • collaborate with partner
  • make observations of the natural world
  • keep appropriate records
  • Observe and create visual representations of tools
  • recognize learning comes from observations

Physical Science

  • sort objects by observable properties
  • recognize that the shape of materials can change
  • observe that things that make sound vibrate
  • investigate that things move in different ways
  • observe pushes and pulls

Earth Science

  • explore the Law of Gravity
  • recognize the repeating pattern of day and night
  • recognize the sun can only be seen in the daytime
  • observe the moon can be seen at night and sometimes the day
  • observe things can be big and small as seen from Earth
  • observe some things are far and nearby as seen from Earth

Life Science

  • recognize the five senses and related body parts
  • recognize that media portray animals and plants with characteristics they do not have in real life
  • observe plants and animals and how they are alike and different

Nature of Science

  • Raise questions about the natural world
  • Making observations with the five senses
  • Keeping appropriate records
  • Asking appropriate questions

Physical Science

  • Sort objects by observable properties
  • Demonstrate and describe ways objects move
  • Demonstrate pushes and pulls

Earth Science

  • Observe and discuss stars in the sky
  • Explore the Law of Gravity
  • Investigate magnifiers
  • Identify beneficial and harmful properties of the Sun
  • Recognize that materials and living organisms found on Earth’s surface
  • Describe the need for water and water safety
  • Recognize that some things happen fast and slow

Life Science

  • Using five senses to make observations of living things
  • Identify the major parts of plants
  • Differentiate between living and nonliving things
  • Making observations that plants and animals closely resemble their parents
  • Recognize the basic needs of plants and animals

Nature of Science

  • Raise questions about the natural world
  • Compare observations by different groups
  • Ask appropriate questions
  • Explain similar investigations should yield similar results
  • Distinguish between empirical observations and ideas or inferences
  • Explain how scientist work alone or in groups

Physical Science

  • Observe and measure objects based on their properties
  • Identify objects and materials as solid, liquid, and gas
  • Recognize the attributes of solids and liquids
  • Observe and describe water in each of its states
  • Measure and compare temperatures
  • Measure and compare the volume of liquids
  • Investigate that materials can be altered
  • Discuss the uses of energy by people
  • Investigate the effect of pushes and pulls on different objects
  • Demonstrate how magnets work
  • Recognize that objects are pulled down unless something holds them up
  • Demonstrate how the amount of force affects the motion of an object

Earth Science

  • Recognize that Earth is made up of rocks
  • Classify soil by properties
  • Describe soil and how its formed
  • Compare and describe changing patterns in nature
  • Investigate the Sun’s energy
  • Investigate water in open and closed containers
  • Investigate air and wind
  • State the importance of preparing for severe weather

Life Science

  • Distinguish human body parts and their basic functions
  • Observe and describe major stages in life cycles of plants and animals
  • Compare and contrast basic needs of living things
  • Recognize and explain that living things are all over the Earth

Nature of Science

  • Raise questions about the natural world
  • Compare the observations made by others
  • Keep appropriate records of investigations
  • Recognize the importance of communication
  • Recognize that scientist question each other’s evidence
  • Infer based on observations
  • Explain empirical evidence is information the help validate explanations
  • Recognize that words in science can have different meanings
  • Recognize that scientists use models
  • Recognize that all models are approximations of natural phenomena

Physical Science

  • Measure and compare temperatures of solids and liquids
  • Measure and compare volume of solids and liquids
  • Compare objects according to properties
  • Describe the changes that water undergoes through heating and cooling
  • Identify some basic forms of energy
  • Recognize that energy causes motion or creates change
  • Demonstrate how light travels
  • Demonstrate how light can behave
  • Investigate and explain that things that give off light also gives off heat
  • Investigate and explain how heat can be produced

Earth Science

  • Explain that stars can be different
  • Identify the Sun as a star that emits energy
  • Recognize that Sun appears large and bright
  • Explore the Law of Gravity and how it can be overcome
  • Investigate the numbers of stars that can be seen through telescopes
  • Demonstrate radiant energy from the sun

Life Science

  • Describe structures in plants and their roles
  • Investigate and describe how plants respond to stimuli
  • Classify animals into major groups
  • Classifying flowering and nonflowering plants into major groups
  • Describe how animals and plants respond to changing seasons
  • Recognize that plants use energy to make food

Nature of Science

  • Raise questions about the natural world
  • Compare the observations made by different groups
  • Explain that science is not rigid, but uses observations and empirical evidence
  • Attempt reasonable answers to scientific questions
  • Compare the methods of investigations done by others
  • Keep appropriate records
  • Recognize and explain that scientists base their explanations on evidence.
  • Recognize that science involves creativity in experiments
  • Explain that science focuses on the natural world
  • Explain types of models in science

Physical Science

  • Measure and compare objects based on their properties
  • Identify properties and uses of water in each of its states
  • Explore the law of Conservation of Mass
  • Investigate and describe how magnets attract and repel
  • Identify some familiar changes in materials that result in other materials with new characteristics
  • Observe and describe basic forms of energy
  • Investigate and describe that energy causes motion and creates change
  • Investigate sound and pitch
  • Describe how moving water and air are sources of energy
  • Recognize how heat flows
  • Identify common materials the conduct heat well or poorly
  • Recognize how objects change position and direction
  • Identify and describe speed of objects

Earth Science

  • Identify that patterns of stars shift in the night sky
  • Describe changes in the observable shape of the moon
  • Recognize the Earth revolves around the Sun and rotates on its axis
  • Relate the rotation of the Earth and movements of the Sun, Moon, and stars are connected
  • Investigate and report the effects of space exploration
  • Identify three categories of rocks
  • Recognize that humans need resources found on the Earth
  • Describe the basic differences between physical weathering and erosion
  • Investigate how technology and tools help humans to observe
  • Identify resources available in Florida

Life Science

  • Identify processes of sexual reproduction in flowering plants
  • Explain that plants and animals have inherited characteristics and some are affected by the environment
  • Recognize that animal behaviors may be inherited or learned
  • Compare and contrast the major stages in life cycles of Florida plants and animals
  • Compare seasonal changes in Florida plants and animals to other regions
  • Explain that animals cannot make their own food and get their energy from food passed to them
  • Trace the flow of energy from the Sun from producers to consumers
  • Recognize ways plants and animals impact the environment

Nature of Science

  • Define a problem and carry out a plan
  • Explain the difference between an investigation and an experiment
  • Recognize and explain the need for repeated trials
  • Identify a control group and explain its importance
  • Recognize an investigation does not always following the scientific method
  • Recognize the difference between an opinion and an observation
  • Recognize science is based on observation and can be tested
  • Recognize that evidence from investigations should be replicable by others

Physical Science

  • Compare and contrast the basic properties of matter
  • Investigate materials that will dissolve in water and those that will not
  • Demonstrate mixtures of solids can be separated by observable properties
  • Explore the scientific theory of Atoms
  • Investigate how physical and chemical changes are affected by temperature
  • Investigate basic forms of energy
  • Investigate that energy causes motion and creates change
  • Investigate how electrically charged objects can attract or repel
  • Investigate the transfer of electrical energy to other forms of energy
  • Investigate the flow of energy in a closed circuit
  • Identify and classify insulators and conductors of electricity
  • Identify familiar forces that cause objects to move
  • Investigate how the amount of force affects the motion
  • Investigate the effect of mass on an objects motion
  • Investigate and explain balanced forces

Earth Science

  • Recognize the Milky Way as our home galaxy and what a galaxy consists of
  • Recognize the major characteristics of planets
  • Distinguish among the different objects in the Solar System
  • Create a model of the water cycle
  • Recognize the ocean is a large part of the water cycle
  • Recognize how to determine the weather in a particular place
  • Distinguish between the various forms of precipitation
  • Recognize the weather differences in diverse environments
  • Describe characteristics of climate zones
  • Design a natural disaster family preparedness plan

Life Science

  • Identify the organs in the human body and their functions
  • Compare and contrast plant and animal organ functions
  • Describe how differences in plants and animals impact their survival
  • Compare and contrast adaptations of plants and animals that enable them to survive
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